Volume 4 - Issue 2

May 2017

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The Influence of the Background Color “Red” on the Appraisal of Pictures

Yasuto Okamura
Pages: 1-9

It is assumed that color has an influence on human cognition and behavior. The red effect has been taken up by a large body of research and the purpose of the study was to test the influence of red as a background color on the appraisal of pictures. Participants were randomly divided into two conditions: red or white. They appraised the levels of valence and arousal of four pictures with background colors of red or white. Results demonstrated that the levels of arousal were significantly higher when negative pictures with background color red were presented than when they were presented with background color white. This study’s results are consistent with previous studies that have demonstrated a context-dependent manner of color effects on human cognition and behavior.

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The Effectiveness of a Body Image Group Counselling Program on Adolescent Girls in High School

Çigdem Keven-Akliman Ali Eryılmaz
Pages: 10-23

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a body image group counselling program on adolescent girls in the context of Positive Psychology and Positive Psychotherapy. The sample set consisted of 22 female students, 11 in the experimental group and the other 11 in the control group, and they are all in the 9th grade and have negative body images. Research was conducted based on a pattern of a pre-test, post-test and follow-up test with control and experimental groups. A Body Image Scale, Body Image Coping Strategies Inventory and Program Evaluation Form were used as data collection tools. The positive body image group counselling program was conducted on the experimental group for ten sessions. The Wilcoxon sign rank test, Mann-Whitney U test and repeated-measure of analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis. According to the results, the program was statistically significant. Additionally, the results revealed statistically significant increases in positive body images and coping strategies in the intervention group when compared with the control group. The program may be used to increase positive body image.

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Assessment Indicators of Tertiary Student of Internship Programs Adjust Industry 4.0

Chun-Mei Chou Chien-Hua Shen Hsi-Chi Hsiao Tsu-Chuan Shen Yu-Jen Tsen
Pages: 24-33

The purpose of this study was to study the assessment indicators for the entrepreneurial learned by tertiary student of internship programs adjust Industry 4.0. In-depth interviews and focus groups were used to develop the ability indicators and gain consistency between the ability items. The research results showed that there were three types of entrepreneurial cognition learned by students of internship programs adjust Industry 4.: start-up experience, industry-specific experience, and managerial experience. The ability content included 11 items of entrepreneurial cognition ability: entrepreneurial traits, basic commercial ability, communication ability, digital ability, professional innovative ability, financial management ability, human resource management ability, marketing management ability, operational (work) ability, and risk management ability, and there were a total of 91 ability indicators. There were 48 items of entrepreneurial cognition that had high importance and usage frequency.

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The Relationship Between Problem Solving and Creative Thinking Skills among Nursing Students

Canan Demir Barutcu
Pages: 34-41

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between problem solving and creative thinking skills among nursing students. This is a cross-sectional and correlational study. The sample was composed of 266 nursing students who were assessed on the creative thinking scale and problem solving inventory. The problem solving capability of students increase statistically significant levels as the grades of the students increase. The average score students get from creative thinking scale, did not show any difference due to the level of grade and all students obtained scores to be defined as “over the average creativity”. There was a moderately significant negative correlation between the scores of the two scales employed by the study. Especially higher scores on problem solving for the senior nursing students in comparison with others, is an important result proving nursing education has a positive effect on problem solving.

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English Language Anxiety: Development and Validation of a Brief Measure

Mustafa Ali Khalaf Ali
Pages: 42-53

In view of the lack of a short scale for the direct measurement of English language learning anxiety developed in the Egyptian context, this study aims to develop and validate a brief scale. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was employed using (362) EFL learners enrolled in first year at college of education, Minia University. Results of EFA proved that the scale consisted of four subscales: (speaking anxiety, (8) items, =.84, writing anxiety (8) items, =.84, reading anxiety (8) items, =.84, listening anxiety, (8) items, =.83). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted on 46 items to examine the structure validity. Results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the four-factor model fitted well and results met the criteria for goodness of fit indices (>.90) and root mean score residual (RMR < .05) which means the (ELAS) has a four factor structure in the Egyptian university students sample. The brief scale has good reliability and adequate validity and results of the analysis supported the conclusion that it is a reliable and valid measurement instrument.

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Analysis of The Thesis About Marital Adjustment (2006-2016)

Naciye GÜVEN
Pages: 54-63

The aim of this study is to analyze the thesis about marital adjustment. 74 postgraduate thesis that exist on the data base of YÖK were investigated via “the form of thesis investigation”. The thesis were studied from 2006 to 2016. “Marital adjustment” was used as a key word. It is a qualitative research. The document analysis was used throughout the study. As a result, it is found that most of the thesis are master thesis and quantitative studies. Mostly, women studied on thesis and the sample was on different people who were married.

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We would like to inform you that 2nd issue of the 4th volume of the International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) has been published. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing the emerging issues on psychology and education for readers. In this issue, IJPES published has 6 articles. Many thanks to all contributors. We also cordially invite you to read are 2nd issue of 2017 IJPES. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) is an international, peer-reviewed, non-profit, professional scientific journal. IJPES is a journal that accepts manuscripts related to psychology and educational sciences. The journal is published online three times in a year. The article being submitted should be written in English. IJPES publishes research employing a variety of qualitative and/or quantitative methods and approaches in all areas of the education field and psychology. IJPES welcomes articles from different institutions and countries. IJPES is supported by Educational Researches and Publications Association (ERPA).

Dr. Murat İskender 

May, 2017