Volume 4 - Issue 3

September 2017

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Motivation and Self-Regulated Learning: A Multivariate Multilevel Analysis

Wondimu Ahmed
Pages: 1-11

This study investigated the relationship between motivation and self-regulated learning (SRL) in a nationally representative sample of 5245, 15-year-old students in the USA. A multivariate multilevel analysis was conducted to examine the role of three motivational variables (self-efficacy, intrinsic value & instrumental value) in predicting three SRL strategies (memorization, elaboration & control). The results showed that compared to self-efficacy, intrinsic value and instrumental value of math were stronger predictors of memorization, elaboration and control strategies. None of the motivational variables had a stronger effect on one strategy than the other. The findings suggest that the development of self-regulatory skills in math can be greatly enhanced by helping students develop positive value of and realistic expectancy for success in math.

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The Personality of a “Good Test Taker”: Self-Control and Mindfulness Predict Good Time-Management When Taking Exams.

Jeffrey Osgood Olivia McNally Grace Talerico
Pages: 12-21

Much prior research has linked trait self-control and trait mindfulness with improved performance on overall academic metrics such as GPA. The present research expands on this literature by linking self-control, mindfulness, and closely related personality constructs to differences in the way students manage their time while taking exams. Students at two large public universities (total n = 362) completed scale measures of self-control, mindfulness, and their use of time when taking timed examinations. The results suggest that trait self-control (r = .174) and trait mindfulness (r = .311) are statistically significant predictors of effective time management while taking timed exams.

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Analysis of 8th Grade Students' Viewpoints to the Concept of Democratic Citizen through Metaphors

Gizem Karabulut Hülya Çelik
Pages: 22-31

In this study, it is aimed to determine the view of the 8th grade students on the concept of democratic citizens through the metaphors. In the research towards the general objective, one of the qualitative research designs phenomenology was used. The participants of the survey are 160, 8th grade students in the Körfez district of Kocaeli province in the academic year of 2016-2017. Of the 8th grade students who participated in the survey, 85 are boys and 75 are girls. Data have been reached with semi-structured forms. The metaphors and explanations written by the students were used as the basic data source in this research. Data were analyzed through content analysis. The findings from the research show that 8th grade students perceive democratic citizenship in eight categories: freedom, justice, unity and solidarity, participation, equality, patriotism, diligence and responsibility. When the opinions of the students are analyzed, it is seen that the metaphors they produce concentrate on the categories of freedom and justice. In this context, with 13 students the most widely used metaphor is “fair citizen”. Besides the students produced metaphors mostly in the category of freedom. With “tree “and “free bird” metaphors they emphasized dimension of freedom of democratic citizenship. Students have also mentioned the distinctive characteristics of democracy, such as decision-making, election, voting, and having a saying

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Management of Anger with Anger Reversal Technique among School Going Adolescents

Sella Kumar
Pages: 32-41

An experimental investigation was attempted to examine the effectiveness of Anger Reversal Technique to manage anger among adolescent school students. One group pretest post test experimental design was adopted. Speilberger’s State Anger Scale was administered to assess the level of anger. A random sample of 52 male and 48 female adolescents were drawn from a selected higher secondary school located in Gondar Town, Ethiopia. Selected participants were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Anger reversal technique was administered for a period of 45 minutes/day for 45 consecutive days. A post test was conducted to ascertain the efficacy of anger reversal technique. Repeated measures ANOVA was worked out with SPSS 17 version. The result revealed that there is a significant decrease in the level of anger after anger reversal technique among adolescent students. Therefore, this intervention technique is effective in managing anger it can be adopted and employed to control anger among school students.

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Moral Maturity Levels of Imam Hatip High School Students: The Case of Ortakoy District

Naciye Güven
Pages: 42-52

The aim of this research is to determine the moral maturity levels of the Imam Hatip High School students. It is also to analyze whether the level of moral maturity differs according to gender, class level and place they stayed. The study was carried out on 220 students of the İmam Hatip High School in the district of Ortakoy in Aksaray in the academic year 2016-2017. The study is a descriptive screening model. The '' Moral Maturity Scale '' developed by Şengün and Kaya (2007) and the '' personal information form '' created by the researcher were used as data collection tools in the study. Scale is a likert type measure of 66 items. The reliability of the scale is 0.89. As a result of the study, it was determined that 55 % of the Imam Hatip High School students had a moral maturity level above the average. In addition, gender, class level, and place they stayed did not make a significant difference on the level of moral maturity.

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Leadership and Job Satisfaction: Adjunct Faculty at a For-Profit University

Donald Barnett
Pages: 53-63

There is a lack of research in the for-profit sector of higher education in the United States. Likewise, there is a lack of research on the factors that affect the job satisfaction of adjunct faculty. To address these gaps in knowledge, a quantitative correlational study was performed to investigate the effect of administrative leadership on the job satisfaction of adjunct faculty who teach online classes at a for-profit university in the United States. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, which measures perceived leadership behaviors, and Spector’s Job Satisfaction Survey, which measures job satisfaction, were used to anonymously collect data from a sample of 77 adjunct faculty. The Full-Range Leadership, which is composed of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership behaviors, was the theoretical model for leadership. Pearson’s product moment correlational analyses were performed to investigate the bi-variate relationships between the variables. The dependent variable of total satisfaction had a statistically significant, direct and strong correlation with the independent variable of transformational leadership (r = .536, p < .0005). The strength and direction of the relationship indicated that increases in the scores of total satisfaction are associated with increases in scores in transformational leadership. Total satisfaction had a statistically significant, indirect and moderate correlation with the independent variable of laissez-faire leadership (r = -.372, p = .001). The strength and direction of the relationship indicated that lower total satisfaction scores are associated with higher laissez-faire leadership scores. There was no statistically significant relationship between transactional leadership and overall job satisfaction.

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Influence Factor of Tertiary Students’ Employability Awareness Adjust Industry 4.0

Chun-Mei Chou Chien-Hua Shen Hsi-Chi Hsiao Tsu- Chuan Shen
Pages: 64-72

This study aims to analyze the correlation (N=621) among tertiary students’ career planning, e-recruiting adoption acceptance, and employability awareness in Taiwan. Tertiary students’ perceived career planning includes four factors, namely, self-appraisal, job expectancy, goal selection, and problem solving. E-recruiting adoption acceptance includes four factors, namely, playfulness, ease of use, effectiveness, and usefulness. Employability awareness includes four factors, namely, personal adaptability , employability ambition, career identity, and labour market. Participants responded to a 5-point Likert-type scale for each factor. Analysis was conducted using the structural equation modeling (SEM), and a good model fit was found for both the measurement and structural models. Research findings demonstrate that tertiary students’ career planning significantly and directly influences employability awareness. Career planning significantly and indirectly influences employability awareness by e-recruiting adoption acceptance. Tertiary students’ career planning and e-recruiting adoption acceptance fit the influence model and empirical data of employability awareness. Implications of this study, including the value of student self-assessment of their skills and utility of the e-recruiting to underpin personal career development planning and inform graduate recruitment processes, are discussed and recommendations made.

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The Effect of Istighfar on State and Trait Anxiety

Ahmet Canan KARAKAŞ Gülşah Geçimli
Pages: 73-79

Istighfar (seeking forgiveness of Allah) and tawbah (repentance) are as old as at least the human history. Anxiety is also a need of human nature. Human develops the strategies to cope with challenges. One of them is religious coping. One of the religious coping ways is istighfar. Constantly performing istighfar may make easier to deal with anxiety. Thus, in this study, the state-trait anxiety scale was applied to the final year undergraduate students. The experimental and control groups of 20 persons were comprised of students with higher anxiety level. The experimental group was told to do istighfar 100 times per day during one month. In the end of this practice, a decrease was observed in the state-trait anxiety average of experimental group.

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 We would like to inform you that 3rd issue of the 4th volume of the International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) has been published. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing the emerging issues on psychology and education for readers. In this issue, IJPES published has 8 articles. Many thanks to all contributors. We also cordially invite you to read are 3rd issue of 2017 IJPES. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) is an international, peer-reviewed, non-profit, professional scientific journal. IJPES is a journal that accepts manuscripts related to psychology and educational sciences. The journal is published online three times in a year. The article being submitted should be written in English. IJPES publishes research employing a variety of qualitative and/or quantitative methods and approaches in all areas of the education field and psychology. IJPES welcomes articles from different institutions and countries. IJPES is supported by Educational Researches and Publications Association (ERPA).

 

Dr. Murat İskender

Editor-in-Chief

September, 2017