Volume 5 - Issue 1

January 2018

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Oral History Attitude Scale (OHAS) Validity and Reliability Study

Halil İbrahim Sağlam Sinem Sayımlı
Pages: 1-8

The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable Oral History Attitude Scale. The 25-item trial form created under the supervision of an expert opinion was applied to 714 elementary school third and fourth grade students, 345 female and 369 male students in Sakarya province. Then the obtained data were analyzed. As a result of the Explicit Factor Analysis (AFA), a structure consisting of two dimensions, which are named "individual" and "social", and a total of 15 items have been found out. It has been determined that the model's goodness of fit indexes is quite high. Validation Factor Analysis also confirms AFA results. It was determined that the reliability coefficient of the scale was .76, the split-half half reliability was .74, the test-retest reliability coefficient was .91, and all the differences between the averages of the 27% upper and lower groups were significant. In the study, it was concluded that the scale can be perfectly used as a valid and reliable instrument in research to determine the attitudes of primary school students towards oral history.

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Industry 4.0 Manpower and its Teaching Connotation in Technical and Vocational Education: Adjust 107 Curriculum Reform

Chun-Mei Chou Chien-Hua Shen Hsi-Chi Hsiao Tsu-Chguan Shen
Pages: 9-14

This research aims to understand industry participants’ opinions about vocational education under the development of Industry 4.0 manpower and its teaching connotation. The study adopted the expert interview method and invited 10 industry experts to hold 2 meetings. According to the research results, the original teaching contents in the departments of junior colleges have been changed and departments have been recombined, so that the schools can now offer courses related to big data analysis, cloud computing, Internet of Things, etc. to meet the demands of Industry 4.0. Higher vocational education has set about establishing a practical classroom based on the concept of Industry 4.0, in order that schools and industry can establish a close cooperation relationship and share resources with each other. Industry can help schools update their equipment and eliminate the gap between learning and practice by equipping students at technical and vocational universities with the right competitiveness under system integration and industry connection.

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Influence of Peer Groups to The Self-Esteem of Lampung and Javanese Students

Mujiyati Mujiyati Sofwan Adiputra
Pages: 15-22

The importance of peer relationships among teenagers makes them form peer groups. Peer groups are children or adolescents with the same age or maturity level. Peer interactions of the same age play a unique role among adolescents. The purpose of this study is to see the effect of peer groups on the self-esteem of Lampung and Java students. The research method used ex-post facto research with 40 research students of Grade XI SMK Negeri Talangpadang Lampung Lesson Year 2016/2017 consisting of 20 students of Lampung tribe and 20 students of Java tribe. The instrument used is a questionnaire of peer groups and self-esteem questionnaires. Data analysis technique used is a parametric statistic with regression analysis. The results showed that there is a significant influence among peer groups on student self-esteem. Peer groups contributed 34.9% of students' self-esteem, while the remaining 65.1% were influenced by other factors.

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Integration of Structured Cooperative Learning in Mathematics Classrooms

Anowar Hossain Muhammad Rezal
Pages: 23-29

Cooperative learning model played a dynamic role in improving students’ achievement in mathematics. The purpose of this research study was to compare the effects of three instructional methods on students’ mathematics achievement and attitudes toward mathematics among secondary students in Natore, Bangladesh. These instructional methods were used to teach students in three experimental groups such as group 1 with structured cooperative learning, group 2 with unstructured cooperative learning and group 3 with conventional teaching. 105 students took part in the experiment and completed pre-test and post-test of mathematics achievement and attitudes toward mathematics. The statistical analysis such as ANOVA, MANOVA and post hoc pairwise comparison were used to analyze the data. The results showed a significant effect of structured cooperative learning on mathematics achievement and attitudes toward mathematics. The findings revealed that the structured cooperative students outperformed the unstructured cooperative and conventional students on mathematics achievement due to structured form of cooperative learning integration. Therefore, structured cooperative learning can successfully be implemented to promote students’ achievement in mathematics.

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We would like to inform you that 1st issue of the 5th volume of the International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) has been published. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing the emerging issues on psychology and education for readers. In this issue, IJPES published has 4 articles. Many thanks to all contributors. We also cordially invite you to read are 1st issue of 2018 IJPES.

International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) is an international, peer-reviewed, non-profit, professional scientific journal. IJPES is a journal that accepts manuscripts related to psychology and educational sciences. The journal is published online three times in a year. The article being submitted should be written in English. IJPES publishes research employing a variety of qualitative and/or quantitative methods and approaches in all areas of the education field and psychology. IJPES welcomes articles from different institutions and countries.




IJPES is supported by Educational Researches and Publications Association (ERPA).