Volume 6 - Issue 3

September 2019

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Gestalt Group Practice for Increasing Awareness of University Students

ASUMAN GÜNER ÖZTÜRK
Pages: 1-8

The aim of this study is to increase university students’ awareness and support their personal development through “Gestalt Group Program” that is predicated on Gestalt Therapy. Twelve university students in the second, third and fourth grades of the faculty of education participated in the study. Group study consisted of eight sessions. Each session was determined as 120 minutes. In this study, one of the qualitative research methods, content analysis method was used. To collect data for the study, researcher created “Personal Information Form” and “Gestalt Group Program Evaluation Form” and used on participants. Obtained qualitative data was examined via content analysis method. Finally, “Gestalt Group Program” was found to have a positive impact on raising university students’ awareness.

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Investigation of Emotional Expression as a Predictor of Psychological Symptoms

Mustafa Koç Tuğba Seda Çolak Betül Düşünceli Samet Makas
Pages: 9-15

The main purpose of the study is to determine whether the level of emotional expression is a predictor of psychological symptoms. The study was performed with 338 participants, including 170 women and 168 men. Data were collected by “Expressing Feelings Scale” and “SCL-90 Symptom Checklist-90-Revised”. Data was analyzed with Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and regression analysis was performed. According to results, emotional expression was significantly related to psychological symptoms. While the levels of emotional expression have increased, psychological symptoms have decreased. The levels of psychological symptoms was predicted significantly by emotional expression. Finally, emotional expression predicted higher levels of somatization and lower levels of phobic anxiety.

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Development and Validation of the Contextual Achievement Motivation Measure

Robert Smith Mehmet Akif Karaman
Pages: 16-26

This study investigated the factorial validity of the Contextual Achievement Motivation Measure, assessing achievement motivation in multiple settings with a sample of 493 undergraduate and graduate students. Exploratory factor analysis identified a four-factor model: School (6 items), Employment/Work (6 items), Family (5 items), Community (4 items). These factors accounted for approximately 60% of the variance and correlated in the expected directions with a criterion measure, the Adult Hope Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the identified four-factor model fit the data, χ2(182)= 348.10, p< .001; χ2/df = 1.91, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI)= .92, comparison fit index (CFI)= .93, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) [.058, .080]= .069, and standardized root-mean square residual (SRMR)= .063. In addition, the scale showed partial scalar invariance between genders. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided.

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Inclusive Education Through the Eyes of Teachers

ÜNAL ŞİMŞEK BAHADIR KILCAN
Pages: 27-37

This research was conducted in order to determine the present situation, as experienced by teachers from different branches, serving in secondary schools of the Ministry of National Education in Aksaray, regarding inclusive education. In the literature search, ERIC & Taylor Francis database was searched over keywords. The articles related to the problem situation of the research were selected and included in the article. In addition, the sources I have access to have been used while writing the literature and these studies have been included in the bibliography. More specifically, a total of 22 teachers from six different branches serving in secondary schools of the Ministry of National Education in Aksaray Central District (Turkey) participated in the present research, which combined a qualitative research method and a case study. Purposive sampling and convenience sampling among nonrandom sampling types were used in order to select the research participants. The selection criteria were as follows: serving in secondary schools of the Ministry of National Education in Aksaray Central District (Turkey), having students in their class from disadvantaged groups. Research data were collected via semi-structured interviews with questions devised by the authors in accordance with the related literature and research objectives. In the analysis of the data, content analysis methodology was utilized. In the research, it was found that teachers have a general idea about what inclusive education is, and that they think inclusive education is necessary and has advantages and disadvantages according to the way it is applied, that teachers and students should have in-service training to improve of inclusive education, and that improving schools’ physical opportunities was a factor in improving inclusive education. Research results were discussed in relation to the related literature and some suggestions were presented.

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A Review of the Graduate Theses on Gaming Addiction in Turkey

İbrahim Taş
Pages: 38-48

Gaming addition is attracting the attention of more and more researchers every day. Diagnostic criteria defined by World Health Organization (WHO) and American Psychiatric Association (APA) for gaming disorder or internet gaming disorder have caused a rapid increase in the number of studies on the subject. A similar case applies to the studies conducted in Turkey. Regarded as a type of behavioral addiction, gaming addiction is observed in almost every group while it affects children and adolescents in particular. Affecting a wide range of people, gaming addiction can be seen as one of the problems of future because daily life is becoming more technological. This study accordingly aimed to review gaming addiction in graduate theses in Turkey. The research used the document analysis method of qualitative research methods, and the research sample composed of 28 graduate theses. It was found in the research that the studies started to increase after 2013, and the actual concentration was seen in 2018. The research studies were conducted primarily on children and adolescents followed by young and adult groups. It was found that the most used research design was the quantitative research design and none of the studies utilized the qualitative research design on its own. The most used research model was the survey model, and the correlation analysis was found to be the most used data analysis technique. It was also observed in the research that gaming addiction was studied along with both negative concepts such as depression, anxiety, somatization, and obesity and positive concepts such as self-regulation, subjective happiness, satisfaction with life, and social support.

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Secondary School Students’Attitudes towards the Concept of Equality and Preservice Teachers’ Professional Noticing

Seval Deniz KILIÇ Ercan MASAL
Pages: 49-60

With the understanding of importance of pedagogical content knowledge, professional noticing has become one of the research subjects of the mathematics educators for the last 10 years. This qualitative study which explores secondary school students’ solution processes regarding the concept of equation ,one of the main components of algebraic learning field and the pre-service teachers’ noticing about this is quite rich in terms of its results. The 6th, 7th, and 8th graders’ attitudes towards equations were revealed and it was found as stated in literature that students were dominantly “computational thinkers”. However, the differences in this general concept of thinking seem to make contribution to literature by involving discrete attitudes. In addition to this, the secondary findings of the study include some evidence revealing that pre-service teachers’ level of noticing accumulates at middle levels but they can be improved.

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Examining Mathematics Teachers’ Use of Curriculum and Textbook

Şahin Danişman
Pages: 61-72

The aim of this study is to determine how mathematics teachers interpret curriculum and textbooks and to what extent / how they use these materials. For this purpose, case study design was used and 45 mathematics teachers constituted the study group of the study. The data obtained through the structured interview form developed by the researcher to determine teachers' use of textbooks and curricula were analyzed deductively. According to the findings obtained from the analysis, it was seen that teachers working in both secondary and high school levels did not like the textbooks sufficiently and did not prefer to use them in their lessons. The reasons for this are that the textbooks contain various errors, are not interesting, are not suitable for student level; Even if the curriculums are updated, they are still dense and have uneven distribution of the content according to class levels. Teachers prefer to use supplementary resources as well as textbooks. On the other hand, there are also teachers who express positive opinion about the textbook and curriculum. One of the interesting findings of the study is that teachers' perceptions of curriculum are generally acquisition-oriented.

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Gender Differences in Corporal Punishment, Academic Self-Efficacy and Drop-Out in Secondary School Students

SHAMIM RAFIQUE Kashif Firaz Ahmed
Pages: 73-79

The objective of the present research was to find out gender differences in corporal punishment, academic self-efficacy and drop-out in secondary school students. The research design used for the study was correlation design. By using purposive sampling technique a sample of 250 (33%) students of 13-18 (M= 15.59, SD= 1.62) years was recruited from 741 public secondary schools of Lahore city. The Demographic information sheet, Physical Punishment Questionnaire (Malik, 2014), Academic Self-efficacy Scale (Gafoor & Ashraf, 2006) and school record for drop-out was used for the assessment of the participants. The data were collected from different public secondary school students and were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Independent sample t-test) through IBM SPSS. The findings of the study revealed that corporal punishment showed a positive relationship with drop-out. Boys were found to expose more to corporal punishment and had higher drop-out than the girls. Moreover, girls were higher in academic self-efficacy than the boys. The outcomes of the study are beneficial for the clinical and counseling psychologists and teachers as well as for the parents to comprehend the problems of the students and to resolve their issues.

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Sources of Social Support in Physical Activity Participation: The Moderating Effect of Gender

Ersin ESKİLER Hüseyin Fatih KÜÇÜKİBİŞ
Pages: 80-88

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sources of social support and motivation and the moderating effect of gender on this relationship for physical activity participation in adolescents. The research data were obtained from a total of 670 adolescents who were selected by convenience sampling method among secondary and high school students studying in Ankara, Bursa and Istanbul. As a data collection tool, the Physical Activity Participation Motivation Scale (PAPMS) developed by Tekkurşun Demir and Cicioğlu (2018) and consisted of 16 items and 3 sub-dimensions, was used. In order to determine the social support perceptions in physical activities of the students in the research, Social Support Scale for Physical Activity in Adolescents (SSSPA) which was developed by Farias Junior (2014) and adapted to Turkish language by Küçükibiş (2019) and consisted of 10 items and 2 sub-dimensions, was used. In this study, relational screening model, one of the quantitative research methods, was used. The research was carried out in accordance with the cross-sectional survey design. The data obtained were evaluated by SPSS 21.0. Correlation analysis showed that there was a positive relationship between physical activity participation and participants' motivation to participate in physical activity and their perceptions of parent and peer social support. Also, even though there was no statistically significant effect on physical activity participation motivation of gender interaction with perception of parental social support (t=1.36, p>.05), it was identified that peer social support perception and gender interaction had statistically significant effect on physical activity motivation (t=1.99, p<.05). The results showed that as the perception of parent and peer social support increases, female students' motivation to participate in physical activities increases more than male students. In other words, female students were more positively affected by parental and peer social support than male students. As a result, it was found that adolescents' social support for physical activities had positive effects on their participation and motivation before physical activity in general.

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The Effect Of Psycho-Education Program On Increase The Tendency To Forgive and Five Factor Personality Properties Of Forgiveness Tendency

FATIMA FİRDEVS ADAM KARDUZ ALİ HAYDAR ŞAR
Pages: 89-105

The basic aim of this study is to examine the effect of psycho-education program for gaining the tendency to forgive on Big five personality traits. The study was carried out via experimental design to determine the cause and effect relationship between the independent variable (big five personality traits) and the dependent variable (tendency to forgive). The study was conducted with Pretest- Posttest Control Group Design. 24 university students who attended to the study were randomly assigned to the experimental and the control group each of which consisted of 12 university students. The data was collected through Big Five Personality Traits Scale and Heartland Forgiveness Scale. Within the scope of the study, experimental group was given10-week psycho-education program to gain positive personality traits and to gaining forgiveness tendency while control group was not given any intervention. The effectiveness of the group counseling process was tested by the same scale in pre-experimental, post-experimental and follow up processes. According to the findings of the study, it was found that all of the personality traits were effective in order to help to increase the tendency of forgiveness of individuals with high scores for neuroticism, one of the big five personality traits, and low scores for forgiveness, that is people with less forgiveness competency. The findings were discussed in the light of the literature and recommendations were made accordingly.

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Enhancing Students’ Learning Motivation by Applyıng Reflectıve Pedagogy to Modules for Junıor High School

Tri Agnes Asrowi Asrowi Leo Agung Sutimin
Pages: 106-118

The Reflective Pedagogy Paradigm is an art of thinking and doing something thoughtfully that incorporates humanistic values into conscious subjects consciously. This paradigm endorses the meaning of each topic within learning materials based on the students' own experience. Students take into their consciousness life values with learning materials by themselves or by their groups in order that they can practice it in daily life. This study is aimed to develop an eligible module using reflective pedagogy and revealing the impact of the use of module on students’ motivation to study and experience. In this study, the developmental research method was used for resolving learning problems within eight grade of Junior High School Students during the Catholic religion class. ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation) model was used as the module development method in this study. This study used the non-test method as the data collection technique with questionnaire and interview as the instruments. The data analysis techniques used in this research were descriptive quantitative methods. The results of this research show that the use of the module in eight graders Junior High Schools categorized as eligible based on media and material experts. Thus, it can be concluded that the module is suitable for use. The improvement appeared after the implementation conducted using the reflective pedagogy module. The result shows that students’ motivation is significantly higher than before using the module according to t-test calculation. The result of post-test and pre-test score is statistically different so that means that the implementation of the reflective pedagogy in religion subject improves learning motivation

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A Study on the Processing of the System of Devshirme in High School History Books in Turkey and Serbia

Beytullah KAYA Nada TRİFKOVİĆ
Pages: 119-125

Abstract The establishment and expansion of the Ottoman Empire made it necessary to create new institutions in the field of state organization. The conquest of new land made possible by a strong administration and a strong military structure. Accordingly, the first state organization took place in the administration and military fields. In order to meet the needs of the soldiers and to create a strong military structure, at the beginning, the pencik system and then the devshirme system started to be implemented. This system which was implemented from 15th to 19th century became one of the bases of the Ottoman Empire. Devshirme system and its implementation achieved great social, political and military influence in the Ottoman Empire and the countries that were a part of it. Today, the devshirme system is described in different ways in the history books in the countries, which existed in the lands owned by the Ottoman Empire. This study intends to reveal how devshirme system is processed in the history books used in high schools in Serbia and Turkey. The research was realized through the document analysis of qualitative research methods. In this study it is shown that in Turkish high school history books devshirme system is handled in accordance with the academic commitment, while in the Serbian history books the concepts are including hostility. In addition, it is concluded that in the schoolbooks the devshirme system is processed according to the countries' own perspectives.

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We would like to inform you that 3rd issue of the 6th volume of The International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) has been published. This journal serves as a platform for
presenting and discussing the emerging issues on psychology and education for readers. In this issue, IJPES published has 12 articles. Many thanks to all contributors. We also cordially invite you to read
are 3rd issue of 2019 IJPES. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) is an international, peer-reviewed, non-profit, professional scientific journal. IJPES is a journal that accepts
manuscripts related to psychology and educational sciences. The journal is published online three times in a year. The article being submitted should be written in English. IJPES publishes research
employing a variety of qualitative and/or quantitative methods and approaches in all areas of the education field and psychology. IJPES welcomes articles from different institutions and countries.
IJPES is supported by Educational Researches and Publications Association (ERPA).