Oral History Attitude Scale (OHAS) Validity and Reliability Study
Halil İbrahim Sağlam
Sakarya University, Faculty of Education, Department of Primary Education
The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable Oral History Attitude Scale. The 25-item trial form created under the supervision of an expert opinion was applied to 714 elementary school third and fourth grade students, 345 female and 369 male students in Sakarya province. Then the obtained data were analyzed. As a result of the Explicit Factor Analysis (AFA), a structure consisting of two dimensions, which are named "individual" and "social", and a total of 15 items have been found out. It has been determined that the model's goodness of fit indexes is quite high. Validation Factor Analysis also confirms AFA results. It was determined that the reliability coefficient of the scale was .76, the split-half half reliability was .74, the test-retest reliability coefficient was .91, and all the differences between the averages of the 27% upper and lower groups were significant. In the study, it was concluded that the scale can be perfectly used as a valid and reliable instrument in research to determine the attitudes of primary school students towards oral history.